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Hard Lessons Learned!

->Bot Flies on horses
     - Should scrape off bot fly eggs in fall especially after first freeze and worm with ivermectin. 
-> Mineral and salt needs in horses
       - If horses are licking metal trailer surfaces, pawing in mud puddles.  Be sure to give them a salt/mineral block!
-> Alpaca deworming
     - Should be wormed once a month in warm months with         injectable ivermectin.
     - Should give gastrointestinal wormer annually, or bi-annually according to regions climate. 
-> Kune Kune vaccines and worming
     - Do not try to give in rump as with other species of animals. Give in soft tissue of neck behind the ears.